On 25 September 2009, President Obama appointed Victoria A. Espinel as the first U.S. Intellectual Property Enforcement Coordinator (also known as Copyright Czar). Espinel, who still requires U.S. Senate confirmation, is charged with overseeing government anti-piracy crackdowns and, among other things, training other countries about intellectual property (IP) enforcement. The Pro-IP Act also called for the creation of an FBI piracy unit and allows for the forfeiture of equipment used in large pirating operations. The legislation was strongly backed by Hollywood, the recording industry, unions, manufacturers and the Chamber of Commerce.
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